If you’re like many, you know that the electric car has been around for many years. It’s easy to forget about new technology as the years go by, but it’s also important to understand how things work. The electric car took the automobile industry by storm, and many electrically-run vehicles are now on the road. In fact, one study from the International Energy Agency shows that almost 125 million electric cars are predicted to be on the road by 2030 because it is going to cost less to purchase them and new supportive policies are going to make it easier to own them.
--- ADVERTISEMENT ---
--- ADVERTISEMENT ---
How They Work
Electric vehicles (EV) uses electricity from many sources, including the internal battery. This battery can be charged by external sources, but there can also be a generator inside the vehicle that converts fuel into useable electricity. Some vehicles also have solar panels installed at strategic locations to capture the energy of the sun. The electric vehicle is primarily used on the roads and in locomotives, but they can also be used for air and underwater vehicle needs.
High Fuel Costs
Because the cost of fossil fuel is rising, many people look for alternatives. While they may choose ethanol fuels or fuel made from corn, the expense is still steep. Therefore, the electric car was borne into the automotive market.
These cars are efficient and have a long traveling range. They also consume lower amounts of power than you may think. They used to require charging for extended periods and couldn’t go far on one charge. However, advancements in technology have made it flipped so that they can stay charged for long periods. In some locations, such as California, charging stations have popped up. These stations are similar to gasoline stations, but they allow people to charge vehicles in as little as 20 minutes.
Nissan Paved the Way
Nissan introduced one of the first electric vehicles. It was marketed in Japan first and then moved to the United States in 2010. It was an award-winning vehicle and in 2018, reached more than 350,000 units sold. The battery can be completely dead and charge to 80 percent in about 30 minutes, and it can travel up to 151 on a full charge.
In Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV), the front space (usually for the engine) is empty because the batteries to charge the car are on the bottom.
Things to Know
Average costs to operate electric vehicles in the US is about $500 a year while a gasoline-powered vehicle costs over $1,000 to operate. While the purchase price for an EV or BEV vehicle is slightly higher, the lower fuel and maintenance costs can help keep costs low throughout the life of the vehicle.
While BEVs and EVs are highly popular, a newer version is available, as well. The Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV) uses fuel cells with a combination of oxygen and hydrogen, which produce the electricity. That electricity is then used to power the electric motor, which allows the vehicle to work just like a BEV. There are no climate-changing or pollution elements from electric vehicles and the only by-product produced is water. In the FCEV, you can fill up at hydrogen stations with pressurized hydrogen. The process takes about five minutes, and you can travel 300 miles on one fill-up. Many of these vehicles can also capture any energy that is lost during the braking process and store it in its battery, as well. Therefore, you see very little energy loss at all and can continue driving around knowing that the vehicle is nearly self-sufficient.