Systems are used for nearly everything, and they all have their limits or breaking points. Your car’s engine is no exception. Usually, they are designed to heat up during operation, which is considered normal. However, they can overheat, which is their breaking point. If you operate large engines or work on them, you should know what the maximum capacity is of each motor and the temperature at which they can function normally. Along with such, average car owners should also understand the maximum temperature of their engine to ensure that it is within normal conditions at all times.
Despite the always-changing technology available for vehicles, car engines can, on occasion, generate a lot of heat. It is impossible to convert your engine’s full heat energy source to mechanical energy. You are always going to have leftover heat that is just useless for your system. That extra heat that builds up with nothing to do is why your engine gets very hot when it works too much.
How Hot Do They Get?
Now that you know your engine is likely to get hot, it’s time to learn how hot it gets. However, before any specifics are given, you should know that engines can get hot enough that the metal glows a red color.
When focused on figures, most vehicle engines have a maximum heat capacity of about 250 degrees Fahrenheit. However, that temperature really represents the liquid coolant because other components (exhaust valves for instance) can get hotter than those given numbers. When the temperature of the coolant goes higher than that, it causes extreme pressure to develop. When that happens, the coolant must travel out of the pressure relief valve that’s situated in the radiator cap. Problems can arise if the radiator cap, hoses, and other components don’t have the strength or weight to handle that pressure.
It’s never a good idea to try to reach the maximum temperature possible. There is a wide gap in the normal range of things to ensure that your engine can get hotter when necessary and stay cooler when possible. While race cars and other specialty vehicles can handle being at their maximum capacity, ordinary passenger vehicles cannot. In most cases, engines that can go higher than 250 degrees Fahrenheit cost more and require expert construction and design.
You should know that some vehicle engines (even passenger vehicles) can go up to 400 degrees Fahrenheit, but they can’t stay there for long because the spark plugs malfunction or the engine stops altogether. In most cases, when temperatures rise to these levels, it’s the final straw before the engine dies permanently.
What Happens When Your Engine Overheats?
If your engine overheats, you’re likely to try to get yourself home or to a safe place that is a short distance away, but even a shorter distance (less than a mile) can cause essential components to break, such as the cylinder head, engine block, and more. Other factors can cause things to break within, such as driving in the sun, using the air conditioner, and towing the vehicle to the repair shop.
Many modern cars have a gauge that shows the temperature and a warning light that tells you it’s overheated. You should pull over and shut the vehicle off immediately. Wait a few minutes to see if it is still overheated; consider turning on the heater to see if it lowers the temperature enough to get you home.